This list was compiled from PJIG members’ suggestions as well as an online bibliography by David Shedden, Library Director, Poynter Institute. It begins with online resources compiled by Shedden, then lists print resources (including books, chapters, journal articles, and conference papers) in alphabetical order. The list initially was posted in May 2008. It was updated in May 2009 to include books published primarily in 2008 (a few in 2009 as well) that relate to citizen and civic journalism or devote pages to a discussion of such. Please add to and edit the list by e-mailing your suggestions to PJIG social media officer You Li.

– Sue Ellen Christian, Western Michigan University


Center for Citizen Media
The nonprofit Center is jointly affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley’s Graduate School of Journalism and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University Law School.

Citizen Media: Fad or the Future of News?
The rise and prospects of hyperlocal journalism.
By Jan Schaffer, J-Lab, 2007.

Citizen Media: An Introduction. (Rising Voices)

Civic & Citizen Journalism Interest Group (AEJMC)
Interest group for the Association for Education in
Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC).

Cole C. Campbell Dialogues on Democracy

Covering Communities
A site for journalists, educators, students and citizen journalists.

The 11 Layers of Citizen Journalism
Steve Outing, Poynter Online, June 13, 2005

J-Learning: your how-to site for community journalism
J-Learning is a companion to J-Lab’s New Voices project.

J-Lab: The Institute for Interactive Journalism
J-Lab is an incubator for innovative news experiments that use new technologies to help people actively engage in critical public issues. online site that archives all the project reports for the citizen journalism start-ups funded by J-Lab.

Kennesaw Summit
2003 civic journalism meeting
hosted by Kennesaw State University.

Knight Citizen News Network
A self-help portal that guides citizens and journalists in launching and responsibly operating community news and information sites.

MediaShift Idea Lab
Idea Lab is a group blog by innovators who are reinventing community news for the Digital Age.

News University (Poynter/Knight Foundation)
Training for Journalists. Anytime. Anywhere.


Ourmedia: Citizen Journalism
Resources from the personal media learning center.

Pew Center for Civic Journalism
This archival website helps preserve some of the work from the Pew Center for Civic Journalism.

Brought to you by the Center for Citizen Media, PressThink, and H2otown.

Poynter Online Search (“Citizen Journalism”)
Search for articles and other postings from Poynter Online.

A weblog by Jay Rosen.

Principles of Citizen Journalism
Knight Citizen News Network special section.

PJNet: Public Journalism Network
The Public Journalism Network is a professional
association of civic and public journalists.

Public Journalism: Where It Has Been; Where It Is Headed
By Davis Merritt, Kettering Foundation, 1997,
posted on IMDP website, July 2002.

Witt, Leonard. This Movement Won’t Be Buried:
Reports of Public Journalism’s Death are Greatly Exaggerated
Columbia Journalism Review, Nov./Dec. 2003.

What is Participatory Journalism?
By J.D. Lasica, Online Journalism Review, August 2003.

Your Guide to Citizen Journalism
By Mark Glaser, MediaShift, September 27, 2006.


Allan, Stuart & Thorsen, Einar. (2009). Citizen journalism : global perspectives

Anderson, Richard M. Village Soup: A Community Host Model at Work

Anderson, Rob, Robert Dardenne and George M. Killenberg. The Conversation of Journalism: Communication, Community, and News. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994.

Armstrong, Ken. Investigative Reporting Stays Local

Bartelme, Tom. Going to China to Report Local Stories

Batten, James K. “Newspapers and Communities: The Vital Link.” William Allen White Speech, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas: William Allen White Foundation, 1990.

Beeman, Perry. Global Issues Viewed Through Local Eyes

Bentley, C. (2005). Reconnecting With the Audience. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 26-28.

Berry, David. (2008). Journalism, ethics and society

Black, Jay, ed. Mixed News: The Public/Civic/Communitarian Journalism Debate. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997.

Blackledge, Brett J. Newspapers’ Niche: ‘Dig Deeply Into Local Matters

Boczkowski, P.J. (2004a). Digitizing the News: Innovation in online newspapers. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Boler, Megan. (2008). Digital media and democracy : tactics in hard times

Bowman, S., & Willis, C. (2004). We media: How audiences are shaping the future of news and information. Reston, VA: The Media Center/American Press Institute.

Bowman, S. & C. Willis. (2003). We media. How audiences are shaping the future of news and journalism. (online) The Media Center at the American Press Institute, Reston, VA. Available from: (22 December 2005)

Bowman, S & Willis, C. (2005). The Future Is Here, But Do News Media Companies See It? Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005):

Bressers, B. (2003). Civic journalism goes online: message boards bring citizens together. Quill 91:2, p. 25.

Bunch, Will. Forgetting Why Reporters Choose the Work They Do

Broder, David. “A New Assignment for the Press.” Press Enterprise Lecture No. 26, Riverside, California: The Press Enterprise, 1991.

Bruns, Axel. (2008). Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage

Campbell, C. (2004). Journalism and Public Knowledge, National Civic Review 93:3, 3-11.

Carey, James W. “The Press, Public Opinion and Public Discourse.” In the book: Public Opinion and the Communication of Consent. Theodore L. Glasser and Charles T. Salmon, editors, New York: Guilford Publications, 1995, pp. 373-402.

Carpentier, Nico & De Cleen, Benjamin (2008). Participation and media production: Critical reflections on content creation

Carey, James W. (2008). Communication as Culture, Revised Edition: Essays on Media and Society

Charity, Arthur. Doing Public Journalism. New York: Guilford Publications, 1995.

Chayko, Mary. (2008). Portable Communities: The Social Dynamics of Online and Mobile Connectedness

Christian, S.E. (2007). A marriage of like minds and collective action: Civic journalism in a service-learning framework. In: Communication Activism, Larry Frey and Kevin Carragee, Eds. Creskill, N.J.: Hampton Press.

Choi, Y. (2004). Study examines daily public journalism at six newspapers. Newspaper Research Journal 25 (2), 12-27.

Clark, Roy Peter. A Call to Leadership. Poynter Paper, No. 1, St. Petersburg: Poynter Institute, 1992.

Clark, Roy Peter and Cole C. Campbell, eds. The Value and Craft of American Journalism. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2002.

Corrigan, Don H. The Public Journalism Movement in America: Evangelists in the Newsroom. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999.

Curley, Rob. Childhood Memories Kindle Hyperlocal Strategies

Dahlberg, L. (2001a) Computer-mediated communication and the public sphere: a critical analysis. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 7:1. Available:

Dahlberg, L. (2001b). Extending the public sphere through cyberspace: the case of Minnesota e-democracy. First Monday 6:3. Available:

Dahlgren, Peter. (2009). Media and Political Engagement: Citizens, Communication and Democracy

Dahlgren, Peter and Colin Sparks, eds. Communication and Citizenship: Journalism and the Public Sphere in the New Media Age. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Davis, Richard. (2009). The Role of Blogs in American Politics

DeGregory, Lane. Local Characters: How to Tell the Stories You Have to Tell

Doherty, John and Logan, Tim. Blending Voice and Reporting

Doughery, Geoff. Picking Up Where Newspapers Leave Off

Driscoll, Jack. (2008). Couch Potatoes Sprout: The Rise of Online Community Journalism

Dzur, Albert W. (2008). Democratic Professionalism: Citizen Participation and the Reconstruction of Professional Ethics, Identity, and Practice

Edmonds, R. (2005). “As Blogs and Citizen Journalism Grow, Where’s the News?” (online) Poynteronline, Nov. 14, 2005. Available from: (23 December 2005)

Edmonds, Rick. The ‘Local-Local’ Strategy: Sense and Nonsense

Eksterowicz, Anthony J. and Robert N. Roberts, eds. Public Journalism and Political Knowledge. Lanhan, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

Engdahl, Sylvia. (2008). Blogs

Enteman, Robert M. Democracy Without Citizens: Media and the Decay of American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Evensen, Bruce J. (2008). The Responsible Reporter: Journalism in the Information Age | Third Edition

Fallows, James. Breaking the News: How the Media Undermine American Democracy. New York: Pantheon, 1996.

Finch, Kevin. Going Far to Explore a Local Story

Fisher, M. (2006). Blogging on the Hustings. American Journalism Review, February 1, 2006, 42-49.

Fishkin, James S. The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Foust, James C. (2009). Online Journalism: Principles and Practices of News for the Web

Frey, L. & Carragee, K. (Eds.). (2007). Communication activism, Creskill, N.J.: Hampton Press.

Friedland, L.A. & Nichols, S. (2002, November). Measuring civic journalism’s progress. On the Pew Center for Civic Journalism website at: (full PDF available)

Friedland, L. (2004). Public journalism and communities (excerpt). National Civic Review 93:3, 36-43.

Friedland, Lewis. Public Journalism: Past and Future. Dayton, Ohio: Kettering Foundation Press, 2003.

Gibbs, Cheryl. Getting the Whole Story: Reporting and Writing the News. New York: Guilford Press, 2002.

George, Liz. Going Local: Knowing Readers Is Essential

Giles, Bob. Examining Journalistic Change in the Digital Era.

Gillmor, Dan. We the Media: Grassroots Journalism by the People, for the People. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, 2004.

Gillmor, D. (2003). Here comes ‘We media’. Columbia Journalism Review 41, no. 5 (January 1, 2003): 20-21.

Gillmor, D. (2005). Where Citizens and Journalists Intersect. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 11-13.

Glaser, M. (2004). The New Voices: Hyperlocal Citizen Media Sites Want You (To Write)! (online), Online Journalism Review, Nov. 17, 2004. Available from: (22 December 2005)

Glasser, Theodore Lewis and Cole C. Campbell. The Idea of Public Journalism. New York: Guilford Press, 1999.

Haas, Tanni. (2007). The Pursuit of Public Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism

The Hartford Courant Staff. The Straight Scoop: An Expert Guide to Great Community Journalism. Hartford, CT: The Hartford Courant, 1996.

Harwood, R.C. & McCrehan, J. (year?) Tapping civic life: How to report first, and best, what’s happening in your community (2nd ed). On the Pew Center for Civic Journalism website at: (Available online only).

Harwood, Richard C. Tapping Civic Life: How to Report First, and Best, What’s Happening In Your Community. Washington, DC: Pew Center for Civic Journalism, 1996.

Hawes, Alan. Showing China – With a Local Thread

Hayes, Arthur. (2008). Press critics are the fifth estate: media watchdogs in America

Heider, Don (2009). Living Virtually: Researching New Worlds

Hull, D. (2006). Blogging Between the Lines. American Journalism Review, December 1, 2006, 62-67.

Imfeld, C., & Scott, G. W. (2005). Under construction: Measures of community-building at newspaper Web sites. In M.B. Salwen, B. Garrison, & P.D. Driscoll (Eds.), Online news and the public (pp. ). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kawamoto, K. (2003). Digital journalism: Emerging media and the changing horizons of journalism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Kern, Thomas & Sang-Hui Nam. (2008). Social movements as agents of innovation: Citizen journalism in South Korea

Kiousis, S. (2002). Interactivity: A concept explication. New Media & Society, 4(3),

Klinenberg, Eric. (2008). Fighting for Air: The Battle to Control America’s Media

Koch, Tom. The News As Myth: Fact and Context in Journalism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Kocian, L. (2005). Citizen journalists fill a niche with e-news, Boston Globe (online), Dec. 15, 2005. Available from:

Lambeth, Edmund B. Committed Journalism: An Ethic for the Profession. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Lambeth, E.B., Meyer, P. & Thorson, E. (Eds.). (1998). Assessing public journalism. University of Missouri Press.

Landauer, Michael. Local Voices – Once Quiet – Are Heard Nieman Reports. Cambridge: Winter 2007. Vol. 61, Iss. 4; p. 23

Lappe, Frances M. and Paul Martin DuBois. The Quickening of America. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1994.

Lasica, J.D. (2007). Civic engagement on the move: How mobile media can serve the public good. A report of the Aspen Institute Roundtable on Media and Civic Engagement

Lasica, J.D. (2003). Blogs and Journalism Need Each Other, Nieman Reports vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 70-71.

Lauterer, Jock. Community Journalism: Relentlessly Local. UNC Press: Chapel Hill, NC. 2006.

Lauterer, Jock. Community Journalism, 2nd ed. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 2000.

Leonard, Kyle. Going Hyperlocal at the Chicago Tribune

Leung, Louis & Fung, Anthony Y. (2008). Embedding into our lives : new opportunities and challenges of the Internet

Lichtenberg, Judith. Democracy and the Mass Media: A Collection of Essays. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Marshall, J. (2005). Citizen Journalism Continues to Surge, Quill vol. 93, no. 8, pp. 14-16.

McChesney, Robert Waterman. (2008). The political economy of media : enduring issues, emerging dilemmas

McIntosh, Shawn. Strategically Reorganizing the Newsroom

Merrill, John C., Peter J. Gade and Frederick R. Blevens. Twilight of Press Freedom: The Rise of People’s Journalism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.

Merritt, Davis. Public Journalism and the Public Life: Why Telling the News is Not Enough. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1997.

Merritt, Davis and Jay Rosen. Imagining Public Journalism: An Editor and Scholar Reflect on the Birth of an Idea. Indiana University School of Journalism, Roy W. Howard Public Lecture, April 13, 1995.

Miller, Edward. The Charlotte Project: Helping Citizens Take Back Democracy. Poynter Paper, No. 4, St. Petersburg: Poynter Institute, 1994.

Min, J.K. (2005). Journalism as a Conversation. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 17-19.

Mwangi, Sam et al (2009). International Journalism and Democracy: Civic Engagement Models from Around the World

Nichols, S. L., Friedland, L.A., Cho, J. Rojas, H., & Shah, H. (2006). Examining the effects of public journalism on civil society from 1994 to 2002: Organizational factors, project features, story frames, and citizen engagement. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 83(1), 77-100.

Oblak, T. (2003). Boundaries of interactive public engagement: political institutions and citizens in new political platforms. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 8 (3). Retrieved June 13, 2003:

Ostendorf, Bill. Stories about Me

Outing, S. (2005). “Managing the Army of Temporary Journalists,” Nieman Reports vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 79-80.

Outing, S. (2004, November 19). How to integrate citizen journalism into mainstream news sites. Editor and Publisher online edition. Retrieved December 1, 2004 from:

Owen, John & Purdey, Heather. (2009). International News Reporting: Frontlines and Deadlines

Palser, B (2005) Journalism’s Backseat Drivers. American Journalism Review, August 1, 2005, 42-51.

Papacharissi, Zizi. (2009). Journalism and citizenship : new agendas in communication

Paterson, Chris A. & Domingo, David. (2008). Making online news: the ethnography of new media production

Patterson, Thomas E. Out of Order. New York: Knopf, 1993.

Patterson, Thomas E. The Decline of Newspapers: The Local Story

Perlmutter, D. & McDaniel, M. (2005). The ascent of blogging, Nieman Reports vol. 59, no. 3, p 60.

Perry, David K. Roots of Civic Journalism: Darwin, Dewey, and Mead. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003.

Peskin, D. (2005, April). The future of news. Synapse: The MediaCenter Briefing on Media, Technology & Society [Electronic edition]. The MediaCenter. Retrieved June 14, 2005, from

Pew Center for Civic Journalism publications on Doing Civic Journalism, from: (In some instances, there are less than 20 copies left). The list includes:

Civic Journalism: A Living Legacy
Delving into the Divide: A Study of Race Reporting in Forty-Five U.S. Newsrooms
Civic Journalism Is … True Stories from America’s Newsrooms
Don’t Stop There! Five Adventures in Civic Journalism
With the People … A Toolbox for Getting Readers and Viewers Involved
Pew Center for Civic Journalism. (2000). Journalism interactive: A survey on the future of newspapers: Straight talk from Americans 2000. From: (A few hard copies remain)

Pew Center for Civic Journalism archives: Available and curated through the Wisconsin Historical Society in Madison.

Plaisance, Patrick Lee. (2008)> Media Ethics: Key Principles for Responsible Practice

Potts, Mark. Journalism: Its Intersection with Hyperlocal Websites

Potter, W. James. (2008). Arguing for a General Framework for Mass Media Scholarship

Quinn, Stephen & Lamble, Stephen. (2008). Online newsgathering: research and reporting for journalism

Rettberg, Jill Walker. (2008). Blogging

Ripley, Jr. Casey. The Media and the Public. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1994.

Rosen, Jay. Community Connectedness: Passwords for Public Journalism. Poynter Paper, No. 3, St. Petersburg: Poynter Institute, 1994.

—-. Getting the Connections Right: Public Journalism and the Troubles in the Press. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1996.

—-. “Politics, Vision and the Press: Toward a Public Agenda for Journalism.” In the book: The New News v. the Old News: The Press and Politics in the 1990s. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1992.

—-. What Are Journalists For? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.

Rosen, Jay and Davis Merritt, Jr. Public Journalism: Theory and Practice. Dayton, Ohio: Kettering Foundation, 1994.

Rosen, J. (2003). Terms of authority. Columbia Journalism Review 42, no. 3 (September 1, 2003): 35-37.

Rosen, J. (2004). Top ten ideas of ’04: Open source journalism, or “My readers know more than I do.” PressThink weblog. Retrieved July 25, 2006, from http://www.journalism.nyu.pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2004/12/28/tptn04_opsc.html.

Rosenberg, Howard et al (2008). No Time to Think: The Menace of Media Speed and the 24-Hour News Cycle

Rosenberry, J. (2005). Few papers use online techniques to improve public communication. Newspaper Research Journal. 26(4), 61-73.

Rosenberry, J. (2006). Participatory journalism opportunities on major newspapers’ online sites. Paper presented to the 89th Annual Conference of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Aug. 2-5, San Francisco, CA.

Rosenberry, J. (2005). Few Papers Use Online Techniques to Improve Public Communication, Newspaper Research Journal 26, no. 4 (October 1, 2005): 61-73.

Rosenberry, J. (2006) Participatory journalism opportunities on major newspapers’ online sites. Paper presented at AEJMC national conference, August 2006, San Francisco, CA

Rosenberry, J. (2005). Cyber-Democratic Engagement and the Online Newspaper: A Case Study. Paper presented at Association of Internet Researchers international conference, October 2005, Chicago, Ill.

Rosenberry, J. (2005). The Fourth Estate in the Digital Age: Formulating a New Role for Journalists as Facilitators of Online Civic Discourse. Paper presented at AEJMC national conference August 2005, San Antonio, Texas

Rosenberry, J. (2005). Online Newspapers as a Venue for Cyber-Democratic Engagement. Paper presented at AEJMC regional conference, February 2005, Atlanta, Ga.

Russell, Adrienne & Echchaibi, Nabil. (2009). International Blogging: Identity, Politics and Networked Publics

Safran, S. (2005). How Participatory Journalism Works. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 22-24.

Sambrook, R. (2005). Citizen Journalism and the BBC. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 13-16.

Sanchez, Rene. Changing Reporters’ Beats – With a Focus on Local

Schaffer, Jan. When Community Residents Commit “Random Acts of Journalism”

Schaffer, J. (2005). Citizens’ Media: Has It Reached a Tipping Point? Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 24-26.

Schiffer, A.J. (2006). Blogswarms and Press Norms: News Coverage of the Downing Street Memo Controversy. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 83, no. 3 (October 1, 2006): 494-510.

Schuler, Douglas. (2008). Liberating Voices: A Pattern Language for Communication Revolution

Seib, Philip M. (2008). The Al Jazeera effect : how the new global media are reshaping world politics

Servaes, Jan. (Ed.) (2008). Communication for Development and Social Change

Shaw, D. (2007). Really Local. American Journalism Review, April 1, 2007, 54-57.

Singer, J. B. (2001). The metro wide Web: Changes in newspapers’ gatekeeping role online. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 78(1), 65-80.

Skoler, M. (2005). Fear, Loathing and the Promise of Public Insight Journalism. Nieman Reports 59, no. 4 (January 1, 2005): 20-22.

Smith, Rex. A Front Page Dominated by Local News

Torrant, Carol. Matching Ambition with Assignment

Trammell, K & Keshelashvili, A. (2005). Examining the New Influencers: A Self-presentation study of A-list Blogs. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 82, no. 4 (December 1, 2005): 968-982.

Tunney, Sean and Monaghan, Garrett. (2009). Web Journalism: A New Form of Citizenship?

Waldman, S. (2005). Arriving at the Digital News Age, Nieman Reports vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 78-79.

Welch, M. (2003). Blogworld and Its Gravity: The New Amateur Journalists Weigh In, Columbia Journalism Review vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 21-26.

Williams, Lisa. Journalists Navigate New Waters

Abstracts of all AEJMC conference papers since 1997 are available at The archive allows you to drill down to the papers accepted by each AEJMC unit. For example, the abstracts for the 2018 PJIG are here